How to Combine PDF files

Combining PDF files is a useful skill for organizing documents or creating comprehensive reports. Here are several methods you can use to combine PDF files:

Method 1: Using Online Tools

There are various online platforms that allow you to merge PDF files. One popular option is SmallPDF. Here’s how you can do it:

  1. Go to the SmallPDF website (
  2. Drag and drop the PDF files you want to combine into the designated area or click ‘Choose file’ to select them.
  3. Arrange the files in the desired order.
  4. Click on ‘Merge PDF!’ and wait for the process to complete.
  5. Once the merging is done, click ‘Download’ to save the combined PDF.

Method 2: Using Adobe Acrobat

If you have Adobe Acrobat, this software provides a straightforward method to combine PDFs:

  1. Open Adobe Acrobat.
  2. Click on ‘File’ in the top menu, then select ‘Create’ and choose ‘Combine Files into a Single PDF’.
  3. Click ‘Add Files’ and select the PDFs you want to merge.
  4. Arrange the files in the desired order.
  5. Click ‘Combine’ and wait for the process to complete.
  6. Save the combined PDF.

Method 3: Using Preview on Mac

If you’re using a Mac, you can use the built-in Preview application:

  1. Open all the PDF files you want to combine in Preview.
  2. For each file, go to ‘View’ > ‘Thumbnails’ to open the sidebar.
  3. Drag and drop the thumbnails from one PDF to the sidebar of the other PDF, arranging them in the desired order.
  4. Once the files are arranged, go to ‘File’ > ‘Export as PDF’ to save the combined document.

Method 4: Using PDFsam (PDF Split and Merge)

PDFsam is a free, open-source software designed for splitting and merging PDFs:

  1. Download and install PDFsam (
  2. Open the application and select ‘Merge’.
  3. Add the PDF files you want to combine.
  4. Arrange the files in the desired order.
  5. Choose an output location and filename for the merged PDF.
  6. Click ‘Run’ to start the merging process.

Method 5: Using Command Line (for Advanced Users)

If you’re comfortable with using command line interfaces, you can use tools like pdftk on Linux or Mac’s Terminal:

bashCopy code

pdftk file1.pdf file2.pdf cat output combined.pdf

Replace file1.pdf and file2.pdf with the actual names of your PDF files.

Remember to respect copyright and licensing when combining PDFs, especially if they contain content that may be protected. Always have the appropriate permissions before altering or sharing PDF documents.

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